What are vertical trusses and how are they arranged?
The arrangement of vertical trusses most of all resembles multi-tiered greenhouses: several levels of the planting surface are placed one above the other. This area of plant growing is distinguished by a special approach to the use of the area: multi-level plantings can be placed in the basement, and on the balcony, and in an abandoned part of the industrial premises. The idea of intensive use of limited space for agricultural purposes belongs to the American ecologist Dixon Dispomier, who was the first to propose "mass cultivation of plants in skyscrapers for commercial purposes."
Vertical farms allow you to harvest a large crop from a minimum space. In addition, the main processes of the system functioning are automated, which means that they do not require constant human participation: labor costs are also minimal.
The main task is to provide high-quality lighting to each of the levels, as well as to properly organize the principle of nutrition and watering of plants. Hydroponics works best with the latter task: instead of soil, the plant roots are surrounded by a nutrient solution or substrate, watering and air humidity are automatically regulated. In addition, the hydroponic method of growing plants allows you to forget about weed and pest control.
What is vertical hydroponics?
A vertical farm is an opportunity to significantly save on renting space while maintaining the same amount of the harvest. Such constructions allow not only to harvest all year round, but also to provide the most remote territories with fresh vegetables, fruits and herbs. The use of hydroponics is an opportunity to artificially create optimal conditions for plants to grow and develop.
With a multi-tiered arrangement of trays with plants, each fruit or vegetable is provided with equally favorable conditions for ripening. In addition, this principle of organizing space provides free access to seedlings. By choosing small crops for breeding, you can significantly increase the number of "floors".