Vertical farms are fundamentally different from traditional ones in that the plants are grown indoors in artificial conditions. This allows you to create an optimal environment for them and increase the intensity of space use. These farms can be installed anywhere: in cities, deserts, underground, on water, in shops, airports and homes.
Several different methods are used to transfer nutrients to plants in vertical farms: hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics. These technologies allow plants to do without soil. As a light source, LED lamps are used that can replace the sun's rays. The maintenance of such farms is robotic, smart sensors analyze the soil, plant condition and lighting levels, transmitting information to irrigation and fertilization systems, adjusting the type and intensity of light, nutrient content, temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide levels.